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Epidemiology of parasite infections in Rwanda

Susceptibility to infections, malnutrition and socio-economic factors show complex interactions. Among children in rural southern Rwanda, infections with malaria parasites, HIV, and intestinal parasites were assessed as well as anaemia, iron deficiency, malnutrition and socio-economic data.

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Infections and diseases

In addition, the efficacy of school-based deworming was determined. The project aims at describing the respective prevalences and risk factors of childhood parasite infections and diseases in this area to identify appropriate and efficient means of intervention and prevention.

Project Details

Principal Investigator:
Prof. Dr. med. Frank P. Mockenhaupt

Dr. med. Christian Steininger
Dr. med. Florian Steiner
Prof. Dr. med. Ralf Ignatius
Steffen Zander
Irene Zeile
Olga Staudacher
Jakob Heimer

University Teaching Hospital of Butare, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Butare, Rwanda
Division of Infectious Diseases, Tropical Medicine and AIDS, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, Holland
Deutsches Institut für Ernährungsforschung, Potsdam-Rehbrücke
Division 16 Mycotic and Parasitic Agents and Mycobacteria, Robert Koch-Institute
German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam-Rehbrücke

Project duration:

Project status:
Recruitment completed, laboratory examinations, analysis 

ESTHER, Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development


Danquah I, Gahutu JB, Zeile I, Musemakweri A, Mockenhaupt FP. Anaemia, iron deficiency and a common polymorphism of iron-regulation, TMPRSS6 rs855791, in Rwandan children. Trop Med Int Health. 2014; 19(1): 117-22.

Rottbeck R, Nshimiyimana JF, Tugirimana P, Düll UE, Sattler J, Hategekimana JC, Hitayezu J, Bruckmaier I, Borchert M, Gahutu JB, Dieckmann S, Harms G, Mockenhaupt FP, Ignatius R. High prevalence of cysticercosis in people with epilepsy in southern Rwanda. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013 Nov 14;7(11):e2558.

Ignatius R, Gahutu JB, Klotz C, Steininger C, Shyirambere C, Lyng M, Musemakweri A, Aebischer T, Martus P, Harms G, Mockenhaupt FP. High prevalence of Giardia duodenalis Assemblage B infection and association with underweight in Rwandan children. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6(6):e1677.

Gahutu JB, Musemakweri A, Harms G, Mockenhaupt FP. Prevalence of classic erythrocyte polymorphisms among 749 children in southern highland Rwanda. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2012 Jan;106(1):63-5.

Zeile I, Gahutu JB, Shyirambere C, Steininger C, Musemakweri A, Sebahungu F, Karema C, Harms G, Eggelte TA, Mockenhaupt FP. Molecular markers of Plasmodium falciparum drug resistance in southern highland Rwanda. Acta Trop. 2012 Jan;121(1):50-4.

Gahutu JB, Steininger C, Shyirambere C, Zeile I, Cwinya-Ay N, Danquah I, Larsen CH, Eggelte TA, Uwimana A, Karema C, Musemakweri A, Harms G, Mockenhaupt FP. Prevalence and risk factors of malaria among children in southern highland Rwanda. Malar J. 2011 May 18;10:134.